Ruminants Feeding Principles

Feeding norms for ruminants (cattle, sheep and goat) are measured in unit of carbohydrate (energy) and protein (crude and digestible) obtained from
Feed rations.

The degree of making use of most feed rations does not depend only on
chemical composition of feeds but also on aim, purpose or goal for which it
is proposed. Using energy in feeds for animal maintenance is lower than for production of milk and growth or for fattening. The need for Protein is
directly proportional to Carbohydrate (energy), that is to say, the higher the
Carbohydrate (energy) in the feed the higher the content of Protein but
inversely proportional to dry matter calculated from the rations of the feed.

Bacteria and other microorganisms break down protein and urea into
nitrogenous compound. Under normal condition (with the presence of
normal quantity of easily digested carbohydrate and sole minerals in the
feed) microorganisms build body protein, which has high biological quality.
As the food moves down the digestive system, the bacteria protein and other
simple proteineous compounds are digested by the animal enzymes and
make available amino – acids for the different body organs which are utilized
for tissue growth and repair.

It is necessary one remembers that ability of bacteria to synthesize protein in
the system is limited due to poor growth of bacteria and too much of non-
protein nitrogen compound e.g. urea. What else, in a situation where
(inability of the liver to turn nitrogenous compound to non-poison urea and
so on) the content of nitrogen in the blood may reach a critical point and
causes poisoning.

One time feeding or tolerant daily ration of urea differs; it depends on chemical composition of feed. For rations where there are lack of nitrogen (protein), but much easily fermented and easily digested carbohydrate (starch, simple sugar) one can give much more urea than a feed
that contains much more fibre (hay, grasses).
Up to this moment, the protein requirements of cattle and sheep are
expressed in total digestible protein.

This is unsatisfactory information. In the first instance, for protein digestion, nobody is talking of what part is broken down to ammonia. Easily dissolved protein is quickly and in quantity
broken down by bacteria (e.g. green leaf protein) than poorly dissolved
protein (e.g. dry Lucerne protein).

Secondly, the greater the protein in a feed
the higher the digestibility to a certain point, it does not depend on the quality.
Considering the above points therefore, beside Total digestible protein
requirement is data about the Total crude protein.

During the process of fermentation, in the presence of microorganisms,
easily digested carbohydrates are broken down to Volatile Fatty Acids
(VFA), of which PH-value decreases (increase in acidity). Carbohydrates
supply bacteria with energy indispensable for protein and Vitamin group B
synthesis. Volatile Fatty Acids are absorbed from the body wall of the canal
to the blood stream and after various changes, source energy is released to the animal, it also par-take in the synthesis of milk (Fat, Protein and

Excess carbohydrates in feeds can as well bring about in ruminants a disease called acidosis.
Contrary to animal with simple stomach, ruminant (Cattle, Sheep), with the
help of microorganism activities can to a greater degree digest fibre into
Volatile Fatty Acids with reasonable amount of octave acids. Big quantity of fibre in a feed reduces the rate of digestion even in ruminant, 15 – 20% dry
matter of fibre is indispensable in the feeds for those animals.

Indispensable minerals composition for ruminants are calcium (Ca),
Phosphorus (P), Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K) and Sulphur
(S). It is necessary to use urea and others like Iron (Fe), Cobalt (Co), Copper
(Cu), Manganese (Mn), Zinc (Zn), Iodine (I), Molibden (Mo) and Selen

These elements are present in the feeds though quantity varies and
sometimes deficient in connection to requirement for high production of
ruminant. As a result, one must add appropriate quantity of mineral mixture.
In the private feed formulations, there is always deficit of phosphorous (p)
and Sodium (Na).

The amount of water required depends on the temperature, breed, type of
feed, and whether the stock are in-milk, dry or fattening. Dry feed increases
the water demand. In-milk cattle need more water, each litre of milk calls for
an additional 3 litres of water; thus, a dairy cow yielding 14 litres of milk would need 45 ltres plus 42 litres, a total of 87 litres; some of this would be
derived from feed.

Feeds should neither be changed often nor suddenly with regards to bacteria,
which are already used to a particular type of feed. That is the more reason
why a feed is prepared for the whole circle of production for ruminants.

Whatever Industry You Find Yourself…. You Can Not Run Away Or Do Away With ~ Referral”

To me….. It’s called Network marketing

To the church….. It’s called Evangelism

To Bankers…… it’s called Marketing

To the Media…. It’s called Advertisement

To politician…… it’s called Campaign

No Businesses or industries can survive without referrals of people. People are what every industries/businesses depends on.

👉 Just as Conductor/Drivers depends on passengers🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Schools depends on students🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Churchs depends on Members b🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Banks depends on Customers🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Politicians depends on voters🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Markets depends on traders🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Hospitals depends on patients🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️
👉 Betting companies depends on stakers🧑‍⚕️🧑‍⚕️ etc.

All this names mentioned are formed by People….. So ask yourself this deep questions “Is there any business you can do that won’t requires People and once it involve people, then you must surely do referrals, Evangelism, Marketing, Advertisement, Campaign etc…..

So tell me how can you say you can’t do referral business and you claimed to be businessman/woman or Entrepreneur or business person ❓

Whatever industry you find yourself…. You cannot run away or do away with REFERRALS

The best time to plant a tree was 10 years ago….. The next best time is NOW!


The Reasons Why RECHARGE AND GET PAID Is Better Than Other Networking Companies

1: Recruiting is by choice and has no limited time

2: Your points don’t wipe at the end of the month

3: You can build multiple accounts at the same time

4: You are not flooding your house with products

5: You’re not subjected to Hawking products about

6: You must not buy before you earn

7: You build your business consistently

8 : It has no stopping

9: Username never blocks

10 : Username and Password are always enabled

11 : You earn per second

12: You withdraw at will

13: Anybody can own a VTU

14: No targets

15 :Business is 24/7_ no limit

16: you can work from home anywhere in the country

17: You don’t need a shop

18: The products need no explanation or introduction.

19: The products are 100% already in use by 100% of the populace

20: The opportunity is the present and future because it’s done both online and offline

21: No bad economy can affect it.

Liberia Recharge And Get Paid

Recharge And Get Paid (RAGP) Liberia is registered company licenced to carry out telecoms service.

In RAGP you become our telecoms distributor by registering for any of our packages.

With these packages, you own a VTU telecoms licence (E-wallet) through which you recharge airtime & data from MTN,
Lonestar Cell, Orange MOBILE for yourself and others.You’re also able to renew subscription 4 DSTV & STARTIMES, both for yourself and you can also sell to others.

Being avRAGP telecoms distributor, U can carry out Referral, Non-referral, or Both on our business platforms.

Our packages are:-

Basic – $12

Bronze – $25

Silver – $50

Gold – $75

Diamond – $100

Platinum – $125

Ex-Platinum – $250

The difference in these packages is only in the referral (networking) part of the biz. So if you don’t want to do the referral part, you may just register with the Basic package.

How You Earn With Recharge And Get Paid

👉Non Referral

Upon registeration you recieve 20% commission of Ur package fee.

You earn 2% of all airtime you buy or sell using your e-wallet.

You earn 10% on every data purchases using Ur e-wallet.

All transactions are through Virtual Top; no paper recharge cards or physical medium of recharges or data purchases.

👉 *Referral *
Here you earn through Referral Bonuses:

Own registration bonus-20%

Direct referral bonus-20%

2nd level-10%.

3rd level-5%

4th level- 2.5%

5th level-1.25%

6th-10th level-1%each

Transaction Commissions
0.35% on all team members recharges for life

1% of all team members data purchases for life

Other Incentives

All packages come with Point Values (PV): i.e you receive a gift of Point Values for each level of registration;
See below —

Basic: 20pv

Bronze: 40pv

Silver: 80pv

Gold: 120pv

Diamond: 160pv

Platinum: 200pv

Ex-Platinum: 400pv

Everyone who joins under you directly or indirectly adds points to you, and these accumulate and is turned into cash awards for you.


👉Monthly leadership bonus
Any month you aggregate 10,000 PV you earn $274.35 cash award.


Any time you aggregate 25,000 PVs you earn Inter Trip fund of $1,371.74

60,000 PV accumulated earns you $5,468.97 cash Award

100,000 PV accumulated earns you $8,230.45,1st House Fund Award.

250,000 PV accumulated earns you $10,973.94,2nd house fund

500,000PV accumulated earns you $16,460.90, 3rd House Fund Award.

And the best part….

The Beauty Of Recharge And Get Paid – RAGP

You can acquire a VTU wallet by registering for as low as #5000 or any of the pakages NOT because you want to do network marketing but because you want to get paid whenever you carry out any transaction. It doesn’t Matter if you’re into another networking company, you can still benefit from RAGP without networking. That’s why we keep emphasizing that there are three (3) ways you can benefit from RAGP:

(1) Personal Use

You can choose to own a virtual portal just to buy airtime recharge, data, pay Cable TV subscription and Electricity bill for yourself and for ur household. And for each transaction, you get paid a percentage of what you purchased that way save some money.
better than enriching the banks on all of your transactions 😁

Like i always say… some of us has spent money equivalent to cars and landed properties on airtime and data since we bought our sim cards😁

So won’t you rather get paid some percentage of what u spend back to your account instead of loosing all and even making the banks richer?🤔

(2) Commercial Use

For those that like business. you can use it to sell airtime, data, subscribe gotv, dstv for people such as neighbors, friends, colleagues etc and get paid some commissions from all the transactions you carry out.. your phone is your office…🤓 So as you recharge for people through our platform, you collect your cash from ur customer for the transaction and our company still pays you commissions for all your transactions daily💰💰💰
As a partner in RECHARGE AND GET PAID… your phone becomes your office🤓

Our company offers you the opportunity to earn like the banks 💰💰💰💰💰
You can make millions of naira as you and other Nigerians are using a common product like airtime and data…

(3) Network Building

For those who Love building business systems, understand the power of leverage and want to make huge money from the industry…you would love this
part too…
here you serve as a consultant to the company..
As marketers/Consultants, you show the business plan to others ,get them on board and earn commissions daily as you build your team/network…
You are paid 20% on referral of what ever license you sell…you also get paid 10-1% residual income as your team members expand in the business… Guess what… you also receive commissions on all other transactions for life.😳

As a marketer/Consultant u have the opportunity of Earning 100k monthly
while u still earn daily.

the company offers other cash incentives like:
500k for dubia trip,
2million for car fund,
3m for small house fund, 4m and 6m will be earned cos u choose to Build the business.

ONLY YOU will determine the type of PARTNER you want to be on the RAGP Platform.

Whatever you choose, you will still get paid.

With your good use of social media and our strong team work…we have working strategies for everyone… if you are serious in building the business based on our guidiance and support you should make between 5 to 12 million naira from this business within your first 2 to 3 years in the business

Two Ways Of Doing Business

1. Spider method: spider as we all know takes its time to build webs within a territory. The webs it builds trap other animals as food for it.

The spider does not go out to work hard to eat. It eats from what it has built. That is smart work.

So learn from the spider; build your network and your network would feed you for life.

  1. Lizard method: The lizard goes in search of food when hungry. It does not build a web within a territory. It must work hard to eat or it will die.

Don’t be like the lizard. Your salary can never make you wealthy. Build network around Recharge And Get Paid Ltd today and enjoy for life.


1. Take risks in your life. If you win, you can lead; if you lose, you can guide.

2. People are not what they say but what they do; so judge them not from their words but from their actions.

3. When someone hurts you, don’t feel bad because it’s a law of nature that the tree that bears the sweetest fruits gets maximum number of stones.

4. Take whatever you can from your life because when life starts taking from you, it takes even your last breath.

5. In this world, people will always throw stones on the path of your success. It depends on what you make from them – a wall or a bridge.

6. Challenges make life interesting; overcoming them make life meaningful.

7. There is no joy in victory without running the risk of defeat.

8. A path without obstacles leads nowhere.

9. Past is a nice place to visit but certainly not a good place to stay.

10. You can’t have a better tomorrow if you are thinking about yesterday all the time.

11. If what you did yesterday still looks big to you, then you haven’t done much today.

12. If you don’t build your dreams, someone else will hire you to build theirs.

13. If you don’t climb the mountain; you can’t view the plain.

14. Don’t leave it idle – use your brain.

15. You are not paid for having brain, you are only rewarded for using it intelligently.

16. It is not what you don’t have that limits you; it is what you have but don’t know how to use.

17. What you fail to learn might teach you a lesson.

18. The difference between a corrupt person and an honest person is: The corrupt person has a price while the honest person has a value.

19. If you succeed in cheating someone, don’t think that the person is a fool…… Realize that the person trusted you much more than you deserved.

20. Honesty is an expensive gift; don’t expect it from cheap people.

This is a very interesting post and I want everyone to benefit.

I Will Not Stop Networking People o o o


The secret of money making; Redefined.

I Studied the *Richest people* in the world including Aliko Dangote…I started asking myself where is the money….?

Look at Mark Zuckerbeg of Facebook…who is making money for him?… PEOPLE

Who is making money for google?…. PEOPLE

Who is making money for Government?… PEOPLE

Who is making money for the Bank? …. PEOPLE

Who is making money for MTN?…. PEOPLE

Who is making money for Coca-Cola …. PEOPLE

*Why is it that Dangote is expanding to African countries ?….he wants to reach more PEOPLE and make more money.

Money is in PEOPLE.. People are the custodians of wealth. If you come in contact with somebody who says he cannot get PEOPLE… *stay away from her or him, he is not a good business partner.*

Networking is business of people, for the people and by the people. A 21st century business concept, Period.

I love referring people to what makes money for me, by sharing vital information on how and what I do will help them


 Network Marketing
it’s a relationship marketing, be good to people today, they are the one with your money tomorrow


Learn As You Earn.

Amazing Aspect Of Recharge And Get Paid Business Opportunity

Someone asked me how much is 0.35% of N100 airtime. I told him it is N0.35. He laughed because the money is not even up to ONE NAIRA and went away.

But he forgot a popular saying that *”Drops of water make a mighty ocean”*


The RAGP business pays up to the 10th generations. So let’s do simple calculations 

A partner joined the business June 2018 and registered 3 people only and taught them to register 3 people too and continue to teach their 3 the 3×3 matrix system. On my 10th generation you will be surprised on the result.

3 – my 1st generation
3 x 3 = 9 – my 2nd generation
9 x 3 = 27 – my 3rd generation
27 x 3 = 81 – my 4th generation
81 x 3 = 243 – my 5th generation
243 x 3 = 729 – 6th generation
729 x 3 = 2,187 – 7th generation
2,187 x 3 = 6,561 – 8th generation
6,561 x 3 = 19,683 – 9th generation
19, 683 x 3 = 59,049 – 10th generation

This mean in my 10th generation I will be having 59,049 Nigerians in my network. That’s just nothing out of over 200 millions telecom users in Nigeria. Note that it will take you some time to get these many people in your network, but it’s doable!

Now let’s come back to our N0.35. If these people in a day buy N100 *airtime alone*, I will be making N0.35 x 59,049 people = N20,667.15 on a daily basis.

Monthly = N620,014.5
Annually = N7,440,174


Earning all of this while sleeping just from N100 recharge. Not by me but by other people. Thats not to talk of those that will recharge higher amounts, those that will buy data, those that will do cable tv subscriptions and those that will recharge electricity.
The questions is, who cannot register just 3 people? Surely out of your family, friends, co-workers, neighbours, church or mosque members, club members, school members etc, you SURELY get just 3 people that will trust and join your business and network. And by joining you in RAGP, they are also starting and owning their own networks!
Now imagine and check if it’s 5 people or 10 people that you are registering and getting them to register the same number! 
This kind of income is called *PASSIVE INCOME*

Network Marketing Leaders are needed to earn *PASSIVE INCOME* with me. If interested, inbox me immediately.